One significant outcome of these reforms related to the phasing out of the typical ‘militia’ Greek hoplites in favor of the epilektoi (picked troops). They were also known to carry the longer sarissai instead of the sturdier xysta preferred by the heavy cavalry regiments. Suffice it to say, fueled by the personality cult of Alexander the Great, many of the impressionable noble youths from the cavalry regiments may have also tried to mimic their leader and charged into the battle – wearing just their ritzy tunics and armed with the xysta. In terms of panoply, the Prodromoi wore light tunics (without armor), possibly complemented by rose-colored cloaks (and the panther-skin shabraque for officers). Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The rise of Macedon, its conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during the reign of Philip II was achieved in part by his reformation of the Ancient Macedonian army, establishing the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield. Among these units, the Royal Squadron (Basilike Ile) with its double numbers held the position of honor in battles, and such its members were usually drawn from the Personal Companions and Friends (philoi) of the Basileus. Consequently, it can be assumed that they were similarly divided into eight squadrons (ilai), with the agema (vanguard) pertaining to the Pharsalian squadron – the Thessalian counterpart to the Royal Squadron (Basilike Ile) of the Hetairoi. Conscripts serve nine months. 34-35 (light cavalry weaponry), 45 (javelins), 47-48 (bows/archery). [115], Following the fragmentation of the empire of Alexander, Macedon became an independent kingdom once again. 28mm Wargames Foundry Macedonians. To make matters worse, the Macedonian army was all but vanquished – with their earlier king and many of the hetairoi (king’s companions) meeting their gruesome deaths in a battle against the invading northern tribes. Prominent in a number of sieges, including the epic Siege of Tyre (332 BC), were siege towers; these allowed men to approach and assault the enemy walls without being exposed to potentially withering missile fire. These structures, which were wheeled and several stories high, were covered with wet hide or metal sheathing to protect from missile fire, especially incendiaries, and the largest might be equipped with artillery. Although it did not succeed in every battle, the army of Philip II was able to successfully adopt the military tactics of its enemies, such as the embolon (i.e. 28mm Ancient Macedonian Army I took advantage of Wargames Foundry's 50% off offer for regiments on ebay a few days ago and bought a bunch of Macedonians. Every citizen was required to defend the city in the event of war. As we mentioned before, most members of this elite cavalry regiment were recruited from the nobles (and their sons), and they possibly numbered around 1,800 men, divided into 8 squadrons (ilai), before the start of Alexander’s momentous expedition into Asia. He used massed artillery to fire across a river at a Scythian army, causing it to vacate the opposite river bank, thus allowing the Macedonian troops to cross and form a bridgehead. Given their esteemed martial value, many of the veteran Hypaspistes possibly also formed the renowned Argyraspides – the ‘Silver Shields’ who later took part in the Wars of the Successors after Alexander’s death. Aside from a small number of archers attested as Macedonian much later on (Arrian 3.12.2), the only non-guard Macedonian foot were Pezetairoi. Two powerful city-states rose to dominate Greece. ARISTON m Ancient Greek Derived from Greek aristos meaning ‘the best’. They were accompanied by 3,000 Hypaspistes (or Shield Bearers) and around 7,000 allied Greeks. So as can be gathered from this small list of items, the armor is conspicuously missing. The native Macedonians however remained the most important part of the army. This had begun around 400 BC in Syracuse under Dionysius I. [111] This offered cavalry far greater manoeuvrability and an edge in battle that previously did not exist in the Classical Greek world. It was the birth of the citizen-warrior. Unlike hoplites, however, these epilektoi had to be paid on a regular basis – a system that often severely affected the fiscal condition of many individual city-states. Added to this mix were the mercenaries, most of whom hailed from the southern Greek realms and the neighboring Balkans. As the noble youth of the burgeoning realm, they were indoctrinated and inducted into the loyalty-based cult of the king. Collectively the Macedonians displayed a singular bloody-mindedness seldom exceeded by … I know the companions were … [116] Because all the competing Hellenistic armies were employing the same tactics, these weaknesses were not immediately apparent. And both these essentially Greek groups identified the Thracians as barbarians, on account of their foreign language and boisterous tendencies. It was created and made formidable by King Philip II of Macedon; previously the army of Macedon had been of little account in the politics of the Greek world, and Macedonia had been regarded as a second-rate power.. The army of the Kingdom of Macedon was among the greatest military forces of the ancient world. Shop with confidence. So, on an average, each of these men had covered an impressive 1,605 miles (or 2,570 km) per year! The cavalry forced their way into the Illyrian ranks and were followed by elements of the phalanx. These group comprised the sons of nobles who were incorporated into the aristocratic court, albeit as servants of the kings. Korragos has the meaning of “the leader of the army”. These mercenaries, possibly arranged in two squadrons, fought under the umbrella of ‘Foreign Mercenary Cavalry’ – and as such proved their worth against mighty equestrian opponents like the Bactrians and Scythians at Guagamela. By 1996 fully 35% of the army were “professional” or volunteer soldiers. The phalangites were armed with longer pikes and as a result the phalanx itself became less mobile and adaptable than it had been in Alexander's era. The army of the Kingdom of Macedon was among the greatest military forces of the ancient world. And while grouped under the general term of ‘Thracians’, Diodorus also talked about 7,000 multinational light troops accompanying the main Macedonian army at Hellespont – and they possibly comprised akontistai contingents of the Triballians, Odrysians, and Illyrians. By Alexander’s time, torsion-powered artillery was in use. For starters, the Macedonians themselves, who formed up the ‘Royal Army’, were bolstered by their vassals, including the Triballians, Agrarians, Odrysians and even Illyrians – their former enemies. And, when translated in geographical terms, many of the Macedonian veterans could have claimed to cross a multitude of rivers including the Nile (in Egypt), Euphrates and Tigris (in Iraq), Oxus (in Tajikistan), Syr-Darya (in Uzbekistan) and the Indus (in Pakistan). *Each nation is assessed on individual and collective values processed through an in-house formula to generate a 'PwrIndx' score. However, in spite of these cultural differences, the ‘hotch-potch’ of Alexander’s force was admirably successful in conducting long-lasting campaigns while enduring logistical obstacles – feats that were only matched by Hannibal and his army of ‘multinationals‘ more than 80 years later. Our popular notions about the ancient army commanded by Alexander the Great in his renowned campaigns mostly harks back to a homogenous Greek-speaking force comprising of the ‘anvil’ phalanx and the ‘hammer’ cavalry. These lengthy spears were also known their distinctive small iron heads that were more conducive to breaching the armor of the enemy. Diodorus talked about at least such 600 Greek horsemen crossing the Hellespont with the main expeditionary force, and they were possibly reinforced by other detachments later in the campaign. In essence, it is fair to assume that the Hypaspistes were better trained and drilled than most contemporary infantry units, while their (required) agility kept them at the peak of their physical conditions. Properly nice figures sculpted by Steve Saleh and Nick Collier with Mark Copplestone, they paint up a treat, pics below are armoured phalanx prior to adding the shields and basing effects. In this part we look at the different types of light infantry the ancient Kingdom of Macedon used. For the first time conducted successful sieges against strongly held and fortified positions of his time ruthless. 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